When watering any cuttings, the water should be at room temperature, as cold water can shock the cuttings. Light is needed for the cuttings, from a reliable source; either a sunny window, that is preferably south facing, as this is the strongest sunlight, or from artificial grow lights.
Start by setting up your cuttings containers on your tray and fill them with your potting mixture until the pots are three-quarters full. Don't fill them to the very rim, as you need space for your water to sit before it is absorbed, and room to insert your cuttings.
Next, lightly water your containers just enough to get it moist, not too wet or you will rot your cutting or encourage any fungus growth. An easy test to see how well you have watered your soil is to hold the watered soil in your hand and close your hand tightly. If water seeps through your fingers then the mix is too wet. If the mix holds its shape when you open your hand it is the perfect consistency and if it falls apart, then it is too dry, and needs to be watered again.
Now to take your cuttings! Cut one of the stems of your plant to a length of 4-5 inches just above a set of leaves. With your new cutting in your hand, remove the very end of your stem just below a set of leaves, as this is where new roots will appear. Next, remove all of the leaves, on the cutting, except three to four at the very top. This is done to help the cutting make new roots, as well as keep itself alive, as without a few leave the cutting will fail.
Once this is done, lightly insert the cut end, of the cutting, about one-quarter inch into the rooting powder and shake off any excess. Next, gently insert the cutting into the watered soil in the pots, 1 to 1.5 inches deep. If you have difficulty inserting your cuttings, make a hole with a pencil first then insert the cutting. Lastly, gently firm the soil around the cuttings with your fingers. Repeat this until you have taken all of the cuttings you need and place your plastic lid or bag on top. If using a plastic bag, use sticks that keep the bag from touching the leaves on your cuttings. Keep your covering on your cuttings for 2-3 weeks then remove it in gradual time periods for a few days to allow the cutting to get accustomed to its new air climate. After a few days the covering can be removed from the cuttings completely.
Keep watering regularly or spray with a misting bottle and don't forget if you take a lot of cuttings to label them with a waterproof marker on a plastic or wooden tag.
In 4-6 weeks after taking your cuttings, you should see new leaves appear. Wait at least 10-12 weeks before moving your rooted cuttings into a larger pot. To see if it is ready to be moved into a larger container, turn the container upside down and look for a lot of new roots. The roots should be white and healthy looking, if they are brown in any area, then they are dead from either not enough water or too much water. Look at how often you water and determine which of the two you are doing. Once the cuttings have been moved into larger pots, remember to keep watering and give them regular feedings of a mild fertilizer and enjoy your new plants!
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The Right Amount of Watering Determines Success or Failure.
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